Text samples, rendered in your currently selected font
(From UTF-8 Sampler Page):
- Greek: Τη γλώσσα μου έδωσαν ελληνική (Odysseus Elytis)
- Russian: На берегу пустынных волн (Pushkin's Bronze Horseman)
- Russian: В чащах юга жил-был цитрус? Да, но фальшивый экземпляр! ёъ.(Pangram)
- Vietnamese: Tôi có thể ăn thủy tinh mà không hại gì.
The "Arev" set of fonts adds Greek, Cyrillic, Latin-A, Latin-B, Latin-Extended,
IPA, Combining Diacritical Marks, Dingbats, and Symbol characters
to Bitstream's Vera
fonts. The motivation for this work is to provide a set of matching
characters for equations. I have added some additional characters
that may or may not make this font useful for written Greek and Cyrillic (I don't
read Greek or a language that uses Cyrillic). Quite a few math
characters have been added. The Vera partialdiff, infinity, and
integral have been replaced by glyphs that better match the Vera style
(the original glyphs seem to have been copied directy from Bitstream's Cyberbit
font and not designed for Vera).
I have tried to preserve the style of the Vera fonts in creating
the glyphs. The original kerning and hinting information of the Vera
fonts has (hopefully!) been preserved. The kerning has been extended
to the Latin-A and some Latin-B characters. There is some, limited, kerning
information included for the new Greek characters. Also, the kerning
between 'T' and some diacritic characters for the Roman font has been
modified from the Vera version (to prevent overlap). Please report errors
in kerning or glyph design.
New with release 0.21 are:
Filling of the following blocks:
Super and Sub scripts, Currency Symbols, Number Forms, Arrows, and Mathematical Operators.
Addition of Unicode 5.0 proposed glyphs in Latin Extended-B, Greek and Coptic,
Cyrillic and Cyrillic Supplement, Misc. Symbols blocks.
Addition of many glyphs to Letterlike Symbols block.
Anchors were removed from spacing diacritical marks to prevent there (incorrect?)
use by Pango. FontForge now has an option to prefer building accented glyphs using
the Combining Diacritical marks.
The fonts are in a "Beta" release. I would appreciate any feedback. The
modifications to the Vera fonts are released under the same license as that
used by Bitstream for the Vera fonts (make the appropriate substitutions
These fonts include in the private area a second set of Roman and Greek characters
with bars on top. These additional glyphs are intended for use by high-energy physicists
who indicate antiparticles by the bars (and thus the name of the font "Arev").
Sample physics equations:
- Garogier, Legendum,
are other fonts with Greek character support.
- DejaVu Fonts is
an attempt to include all Unicode glyphs in a Vera compatible font. The Cyrillic glyphs
have been included in DejaVu.
- OpenOffice 2.0: No problems seen.
- Abiword 2.4.1 font problems. Oblique and Bold-Oblique fonts show up fine on screen
but not when printed (or in Print Preview). This is true of the Vera fonts as well but
not of the Nimbus Roman No9 L fonts (checked with 2.4.1).
The Font Files
Changes from 0.20
- Accents removed from spacing modifying accents to avoid use by Pango.
- Latin Extended Additional: Fixed Uni1E24 and Uni1E23 in Bold (corrupted sfd file)
- Latin Extended-B: Added 14 Unicode 5.0 glyphs.
- Greek and Coptic: Added 3 Unicode 5.0 glyphs.
- Cyrillic: Added 7 Unicode 5.0 glyphs.
- Cyrillic Supplement: Added 4 Uncode 5.0 glyphs.
- Super and Sub scripts: Filled.
- Currency symbols: Filled, including Unicode 5.0 glyphs; modified Lira's bars to match Euro.
Version 0.21a differs from Version 0.21 in that most of the symbols were reworked so the widths
are either the same or twice the '0' width. Also a few characters were redrawn to better
match the specifications.
- Combining Diacritcial Marks for Symbols: Added 4 Unicode 5.0 glyphs.
- Letterlike Symbols: Added many glyphs. Modifed Double struck R.
- Number Forms: Filled, including Unicode 5.0 glyphs.
- Arrows: Added missing Bold arrows. Fixed Uni21A5 in Normal/Italic.
- Mathematical Operators: Filled block. Modified various characters to match
new ones. Modified glyphs include Element and friends, Intersection and friends,
Propersubset and friends. Replaced Emptyset by more appropriate glyph. Modified
Circled Plus and friends.
- Misc. Symbols: Added 1 Unicode 5.0 glyph (Neuter).
Changes from 0.19
- New partialdiff, infinity, and integral glyphs (along with proportional which
is derived from infinity).
- Coptic glyphs in Greek block added.
- Combining diacritical symbols (the accents are probably useful, the others are
- More arrows including double width arrows from the Miscellaneous Mathematical
- Math specific paranthesis in the Miscellaneous Mathematical block.
Changes from 0.18
- Added anchor points for Cyrillic glyphs.
- Cyrillic historic and extended blocks filled.
- General Punctuation block filled.
- Miscellaneous Symbols block filled.
- Dingbats block filled.
- Modified some characters with hooks.
Changes from 0.17
- New Greek glyphs: (kai, stigma, digamma, koppa, sampi, sho, san, etc.),
a few needed for TeX.
- Added anchor points to Greek glyphs (for use with TeX).
- Minor adjustments to a few anchor points.
- Thickened lines for alternative Xi.
- Added Mho, No. in Letter Like symbol block.
- Added Cyrillic Ghe, ghe with upturn.
- Added symbols: music (beamed eighthnotes, neutral sign), crosses (West and East Syriac),
smiley faces, Yin-yang, etc.).
- A few glyphs in the General Punctuation block (per mille, double line, double underline).
- Added 1/8, 3/8, 5/8, 7/8.
- Added Block element section.
- A few minor bug fixes.
Changes from 0.16
- Completed Latin-B block, added all Latin-Extended block, completed IPA block
- New alternative characters: Gamma, Sigma, and Xi (from Stephen Hartke).
- New h-bar (Letter-like symbol block) and h-slash (Private block)
- Fixed path direction of a dozen or so characters.
- Swapped Combining Palatalized Hook Below was swapped with the Combining Retroflex Hook Below
- A-Z, a-z and most Diacritical marks have anchor points. They points were used to autogenerate
a good part of the Latin-B and the Latin-Extended blocks with a modified version of FontForge.
Changes from 0.14
Thanks to Simos Xenitellis for feedback on Greek characters in basic Greek block.
- Fixed Bold rho (was 'p').
- Modified capital Phi (larger circle).
- Added variations of some characters for math with LaTeX (see Release 0.15).
- Added Combining Diacritical Marks.
- Added Anchor marks (non-Bold only). Is this useful?
- Filled Extended Greek block.
- Added yogh, wynn, ezh, and some characters useful for Irish.
Non-public release. Used by Stephen Hartke as source for a
geared for mathematical presentations via computer projector.
Changes from 0.13
- Latin-A complete.
- Latin-B partially filled.
- Latin-Extended Additional partially filled.
- HTML 4 coverage completed (?).
- Some Oblique glyphs shifted with respect to left/right bearings.
Changes from 0.12
- Found missing TTF hinting tables.
- Modified "FontName" table (version now properly reported).
Changes from 0.11
- Added numerous math and misc. symbols.
Changes from 0.10:
- Added Cyrillic glyphs.
- Fixed x-height of tau, pi, and omega1.
- Fixed diacritical marks on capital Greek characters.
- Changed kerning between 'T' and some diacritical characters (prevent overlap).
- Addition of bold fonts.
For Linux (Fedora Core 4), put files in a subdirectory of
/usr/share/fonts and then as root run fc-cache -f -v.
FontForge SFD files
The fonts were created with
I would personally like to thank George Williams for writing
FontForge and especially for his quick response to problems
with the program.
A perl script was used to
extract the kerning information and to create "kerning classes". The use
of kerning classes allows the quick extension of kerning information to the
new characters (for example, the Greek letter rho should probably be kerned
like the Latin 'p'). The characters with bars were created with a FontForge
The fonts do not include TrueType hinting for the new glyphs. They may not work
well with Windows or OSX. They do appear to work reasonably well under Linux.
The modifications to the Vera fonts are distributed under the same terms as the
copyright. See Copyright Text.
- Em width: 2048
- Ascender height: 1556
- Descender height: -492
- Center line: 536
- Underline position: -213 (Regular)
- Underline height: 143
- Italic slope: 11 degrees
- PS Private
- StdHW: 153
- StemSnapH: 153 170
- StemVW: 184
- StemSnapV: 184 202
- BlueValues: -29 0 1120 1147 1493 1520
- OtherBlues: None
- Operator widths (+,-,x,...): 1716
- According to the Unicode math report (tr25) parenthesis
should extend from the descender to ascender, centered on
the center line. Vera parenthesis are shorter than this.
The 'minus' and 'plus' signs should also
be centered on the center line. Vera does not follow these
rules, probably due to the large x-height, mathematical
operators are shifted upwards by 96 units.
Thanks to Данило Шеган (Danilo Šegan) for feedback on the Cyrillic characters.
Old release notes
New with release 0.20 are:
Replaced partialdiff, infinity, and integral glyphs with glyphs
that better match the Vera style.
Coptic glyphs in Greek block (which should have been in 0.19).
More arrows including double width arrows.
More math specific glyphs including the Combining Diacritical Symbols
New with release 0.19 are:
Dingbats and Misc. Symbols. A few already existing Symbol glyphs have
been modified for consistency (Yin-Yang, Suits, etc.).
All Cyrillic glyphs including Historical and Extended.
Various minor tweaks including widening of some hooks.
New with release 0.18 are:
a number of Greek characters (kai, stigma, digamma, koppa, sampi, sho, san),
Cyrillic ghe with upturn, and
more symbols (music, smiley faces, crosses, yin-yang, etc.).
The Block element block has been filled.
Greek glyphs now have anchor points which are used for alignment
in the TeX version of Arev.
A number of bugs have also been fixed.
Minor tweaks are expected for release 0.19: the hooks will be widened a bit
on some characters and accents of b, d, f, h, k, l, and t maybe
switched to use the special capital accents.
New with release 0.17 is the Extended-Latin block. Also all IPA characters should be present.
At the request of the TeX packager, additional alternative Greek characters have been added
along with h-bar (in the Letter-like symbol block) and h-slash (in the Private area). A few
more ligatures have been added. Neither Openoffice or Abiword seem to use them (nor do they
use the ligatures in Vera, at least on Linux). The spacing between accents for characters with
two above accents has been adjusted. And, of course, bugs have been fixed: a few
characters had their paths drawn backwards, the Combining Palatalized Hook Below was swapped
with the Combining Retroflex Hook Below, etc.
New with release 0.16 are Combining Diacritical Marks. The glyphs can be used
in OpenOffice 2.0 by entering first the base glyph and then the accent using
the Insert->Special Character dialog. There are anchor points defined for the
non-Bold fonts but I don't of any program that uses them. The accents are designed
assuming that the base glyph has the width of the small 'o'. Different programs
(Firefox, for example) treat the accents differently than OpenOffice. In this
case the marks may be displayed on the character before the intended one. I
don't know which treatment is correct.
Last modified 27 March 2006
tavmjong .at. free .dot. fr