The Anatomy of the Inkscape Window

Updated for v0.47.

Start by opening Inkscape.[3] You will see a single window. This window contains several major areas, many containing clickable icons or pull-down menus. The following figure shows this window and labels key parts.

The Command Bar, Snap Bar (new in v0.47), Tool Controls, and Tool Box are detachable by dragging on the handles (highlighted in blue) at the far left or top. They can be returned to their normal place by dragging them back. They, as well as the Palette and Status Bar, can be hidden using the View Show/Hide submenu.

As Inkscape has grown more complex, the area required to include icons and entry boxes for all the various items has also grown leading to problems when Inkscape is used on small screens. As of v0.46 the Command Bar, and Tool Controls have variable widths. If there are too many items to be shown in the width of the Inkscape window, a small down arrow will appear on the right side of the bars. Clicking on this arrow will open a drop-down menu with access to the missing items. Inkscape v0.47 extends this concept to the Tool Box.

One can also choose to use smaller icons. In v0.47 these options can be found in the Interface section of the Inkscape Preferences dialog. In v0.46 they can be found in the Misc section. Note that the Secondary toolbar icon size refers to the Snap Bar. Using the smallest icons, the smallest possible Inkscape window becomes 573 pixels wide by 506 pixels high (602 by 620 pixels for v0.46) The smallest size may depend on which operating system you are using and the availability of a small icon set. By hiding all the various window components (Command Bar, Palette, etc.), you can get an Inkscape window just 525 by 287 pixels (447 by 284 pixels for v0.46).

Default Inkscape window.
The default Inkscape window with the key parts labeled.
Canvas

The drawing area. It may extend outside the viewable area. It can be panned (scrolled left/right and up/down) and zoomed.

Page

The part of the Canvas area corresponding to a printed page or other predefined area. Useful for setting an output region in printing or exporting a bitmap image. It may extend outside the viewable area.[4]

Menu Bar

Contains the main pull-down menus.

Command Bar

Contains shortcuts to many of the items located in the menus. Click on the Down arrow on the right end to access entries missing due to space.

Snap Bar

New in v0.47.

Contains clickable icons that control snapping. See the section called “Snapping” in Chapter 5, Positioning and Transforming.

Tool Controls

Contains entry boxes and clickable icons that are specific to the selected tool. For example, when the Rectangle Tool is in use, an entry box to specify a selected rectangle's width appears. Click on the Down arrow on the right end to access entries that may be missing due to space. If there is no arrow then all options are being shown.

Tool Box

Contains Tools for selecting, drawing, or modifying, objects. Clicking on an icon selects a tool. Double-clicking brings up that tool's preference dialog. The cursor (pointer) changes shape when placed over the canvas depending on which tool is selected.

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Color Palette

Contains a color palette. Colors can be dragged from the palette onto objects to change their Fill. Using the Shift key while dragging will change the Stroke color instead. The color used by some tools can be set by clicking on a color swatch. The palette can be changed by clicking on the arrow icon at the right end of the palette. Many predefined palettes are included. If the number of color swatches in a palette exceeds the space allocated, the scroll bar beneath the palette can be used to access the hidden swatches.

Status Bar

Contains several areas including the Style Indicator, current drawing layer, pointer position, current drawing layer (and if it is visible or locked), current zoom level, window resize handle, and a Notification Region that describes context dependent options.

Style Indicator

Shows the style (Fill and Stroke) of a selected object, text fragment, or gradient stop. A Left Mouse Click on the Fill or Stroke paint part of the indicator opens the Fill and Stroke dialog. A Right Mouse Click opens up a pop-up menu. See the section called “Style Indicator” in Chapter 10, Attributes for details and more uses.

Notification Region

Contains context dependent information. If the region is too small to view all the text, placing the cursor over the region will display a tool tip with the full text.

[Tip]Notification Region

The Notification Region contains very useful information. Pay close attention to it when using an unfamiliar tool.

Rulers

Show the x- and y-axis coordinates of the drawing. Click-dragging from a Ruler onto the Canvas creates a Guide Line.

Scroll Bars

Allows scrolling to adjust which part of the Canvas is viewable.

Color Calibration

Button toggles on/off use of a Color Profile (if set up).

Dockable Dialogs

Inkscape v0.46 introduced Dockable Dialogs. With this feature, opened dialogs are placed inside the main Inkscape window on the right side as seen in the next figure.

Main window with two docked dialogs.
The Inkscape main window with two docked dialogs.

The docked dialogs can be rearranged, resized (if space permits), stacked, and iconified. To move a dialog, Left Mouse Drag in the dialog's title bar. Dialogs can also be dragged off of the main window into their own window. Each dialog can have its own window or they can be grouped in floating docks.

Floating dock with two dialogs.
A floating Dock with two dialogs.

Selecting Floating under Dialog behavior in the Windows section of the Inkscape Preferences dialog (File icon Inkscape Preferences... (Shift+Ctrl+P)) disables the use of docks. Instead, all dialogs will be opened in their own window.

There is still some work to be done on the implementation of dockable dialogs. For example, a few dialogs have yet to be converted to be dockable (e.g., Text, Object properties). Bugs may also be encountered.



[3] On the Mac OS X operating system, the Inkscape interface uses the X11-window layer, available on the 10.4, 10.5, and 10.6 installation disks. The non-native interface lacks the look and feel of normal Mac programs. Fear not, it will still work, although starting Inkscape may take a bit longer than other programs, especially the first time. A native version of Inkscape is (still) in the works.

[4] Inkscape uses the terms Canvas and Page inconsistently. In this manual, Canvas will refer to the entire drawing area while Page will refer to a specified region of the Canvas corresponding to a defined output area.